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North Korea 12, China 9, Benedict 7, Vatican 7, Barclays 5, Us 4, Europe 4, Sony 2, U.s. 2, Union Bank 2, Newman 2, John 2, Rome 2, Papacy 2, Korea 2, Honolulu 2, Beijing 2, Vermont 2, Stowe 2, Los Angeles 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    February 12, 2013
    7:00 - 7:30am EST  

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. sony pictures classics. union bank. and fidelity investments. >> your personal economy is made up of the things that matter most, including your career. as those things change, fidelity can help you adjust your retirement plan, rethink how you are invested, and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are, a fidelity ira has a wide array of choices that can fit your personal economy. fidelity investments, turn here.
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>> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business. offering specialized solutions in the capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> hello to you are watching "gmt." our top stories, around the world, north korea carries out an underground nuclear test. it is their third such test, but this one is fueling fears that it may take them closer to
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building a nuclear warhead. >> it is time to demonstrate that if they continue in this way they will increase -- they will suffer increase the -- increasing isolation. >> we will have the latest on the pope's possible successor live from the vatican. and what is the future for the afghan interpreters when troops withdraw? we report on the campaign here in the uk. also in the program, we have a look at smart phones the cost an arm and a link -- arm and leg. >> and like you did there. $10,000, that is what this little baby will set you back. it is a titanium smart phone. the question is, is this really worth 20 times more than the likes of iphone or galaxy?
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>> it is midday in london, 7:00 a.m. in washington, 9:00 in the evening and north korea, and has been carried out in clear defiance of united nations' warning with condemnation from the international community. the first indication came when scientists detected an earth tremor with a magnitude of 4.9. >> after weeks, north korea did what everyone told it not to. a nuclear tests. in the absence of political freedom or guaranteed meals, at
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least it is something to celebrate. >> we have faith that we can fight against any formidable enemy. >> i am full of confidence having heard this news and confident that we can defeat any great power with one blow in the future. >> the bomb that north korea exploded underground was, they said, smaller, lighter, and more powerful than before. it has made this man more powerful in return. he has only been the leader of north korea for just over a year, but -- but he has already fired off two long-range rockets and one nuclear test. >> they are still trying to perfect the work on the technical aspects of the program, showing a political dimension to it but nuclear weapons are the best bargaining chip that north korea has.
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>> the un security council has called an emergency meeting with reactions on both sides of the pacific. >> if they continue in this way they will face increasing isolation and pressure from the security council. >> it is the response of these men that will determine the future of north korea. these new chinese leaders are growing increasingly tired of the rebellious ways of pyongyang. north korea has presented beijing with a very public test of its own. >> the options facing the international community are as thin as ever. the chinese influence also seems to be waning. in the meantime, the world's least predictable a nuclear state has drawn one step closer to nuclear weapons.
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the bbc news, seoul. >> the nuclear tests has wed -- led to widespread condemnation. the united states called it highly provocative, japan called it a grave threat. china, their key ally, has also condemned the test. john joins us live from beijing. this will be a key test for the new chinese leadership, is it not? >> i am looking at the statement from the chinese foreign ministry and it is pretty strong in word with regards to this regard of the common opposition to the international community, accounting itself amongst other nations opposed to this, the u.s. in particular, of course, saying that the chinese government is particularly opposed to this act. i think that what is important is to note that china's reason
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for opposing the action are very different from those in the west -- in the west, where political and moral considerations often come into play, china is less squeamish about totalitarianism or political prison camps, for example. what they fear most is instability, which is why they have been opposed to this nuclear test and why their statements are as strongly worded as they are. china is once again likely to impact any sanctions. they may support a toughening of sanctions on military issues and the exports of luxury goods, but they are not likely to want to do anything that brings serious harm to the north korean economy, because what they fear more than anything else is instability and, ultimately, collapse. >> china is a key provider of oil for north korea. if they so wish they could stop supplying that and really pulled
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the rug out from under north korea's feet. >> exactly. china is north korea's main benefactor in many ways. their only real lifeline in terms of the economy, they are a key provider of oil, energy -- china provides jobs for north korean expatriate workers to send money back home, another very important lifeline. their investment in north korean mineral supplies, those ties run deep indeed. what china says in public may not completely overlapped with what they think in public. the military in particular see north korea as a very useful ally, a counterpoint, if you like, to the u.s. proxies' in the region. they may not mind too much if north korea occasionally rattles
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the cage. >> thank you so much, john. one day after this shocking announcement that pope benedict is resigning, catholics around the world are wondering who will take over from him. benedict will stay in rome after retiring, but have said that he will not interfere in the succession process. my colleague is in rome. so, the vatican says there will be a new pope in time for easter? >> that is right. starting in the 24 to march. you can bet that they will see a lot of wheeling and dealing going on in the vatican before that. lots of different powers within the decision making body to choose the next pope. a lot of speculation as well. not just a month the world's catholics. but people asking why the pope chose this moment to stand down. he says he is tired.
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there has been a lot of speculation about ill health. a few moments ago there was a press conference from the spokespeople for the vatican. they said there were no serious health issues and that the pope had operation on his pacemaker not long ago, but that this had to do with internal politics, which will also affect who will be the next pope. there are lots of pulp makers wandering around here on the streets and in other parts of the world. for more on that we go to matthew price. >> towards the vatican and the secrets held within. the tourists focus on the sites. behind them, behind the stunning facades officials are already planning for the appointment of a new pope, a new leader for more than 1 billion of the
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world's inhabitants. pope benedict will leave his position at the end of february. the process of electing the next pope starts on march the third. by easter they want their new leader in place. >> the inner workings of the vatican are obscure and hidden, yet what happens inside this church has a profound impact around the world. the next pope's stance on issues like contraception, abortion, the right of women to become priests has an affect not just on the 1.3 billion catholics of the world, and also to a certain extent affects all of us. >> most of the cardinals were appointed by benedict. who could take over? perhaps it is time for the first african leader? almost half of catholics select an american. the archbishop of sao paulo is the front runner.
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others mention a canadian, a traditionalist like benedick, but in the modern era all popes have been european. some speak of the current archbishop of milan. in germany the pope's brother insisted that whoever it is, benedict will not seek to influence them. >> i do not think so. i have no idea who will be the new pope. no one knows that. but it is possible that he will make inquiries with the council. that is possible. but no onenows that. >> they have already canceled their next pope benedict order. he has not been the most charismatic leaders, but his shocking resignation has marked him in history. >> the entry you're on the new hope is already bursting.
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what do they have to deal with? joining me now is the monsignor here in rome. first of all, who should it be? a reformer or a conservative? sex abuse scandals, the role of women -- who should it be? >> first of all it needs to be someone who is a man of prayer and a man of god. someone who can listen to people and decide what is best for the world or the church. someone who is his own man. a reformer or a conservative, it does not really matter. >> you say his own man. pope benedict shows many of the cardinals set to make that decision. the feeling is that he has already put pointers in. >> that will be up to the cardinals to decide when they discuss this. it is never as straightforward
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as it appears to be. people speculate that it is all going one way, but in every event past history has shown that it is often a surprise. >> when we look at the number of cardinals who will choose the next pope, half of them are from europe and north america. that will push it back, will it not? >> if they want to vote for their own, it would do, but more often than not will -- most of the cardinals have a world view and i think they will choose the right person, not go in for political decisions. someone who can lead the church in a worldwide cents. not just leave the church, but have a dialogue through faith and political systems and have a very real part in the world. >> pope benedict was known for having difficult relations at
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times with muslims and the jewish community. within the church itself, his time in office has been marred by the pedophilia scandal. some of the cardinals have been indicate -- implicated in those affairs themselves. how likely is it that we will see the church deal more strongly with pedophilia? >> i think that he has felt very strongly with it himself. >> many would say not enough. >> there will always be people who are not happy with things the way that they are. generally he has done pretty well. hopefully it will be a step forward i am continuing the process, which is very necessary. >> thank you very much indeed. as we said, the next pope has a lot on his plate right from the beginning. this speculation will absolutely continue and we will keep you
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up-to-date. >> thank you very much indeed, catherine, with all the action from the vatican. police in the northeastern indian state have shot dead members of an athlete -- ethnic tribe opposed to council elections. this was after reports of a number of attacks on the station. the operations of the cruise ship stranded in the gulf of mexico with an engine room fire have drifted so far north of their original position that they now have to go for u.s. support rather than mexican. they have been a drift and there are more than 4000 people on board since sunday. detectives in los angeles hunting a former police man accused of murder say they have received 600 tipoffs. christopher dorner has been charged with one killing and is accused of carrying out two
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others in what had been called revenge attacks for his dismissal from the police department five years ago. the international olympic committee has dropped wrestling from the games. the decision was made after support on the olympic programs. wrestling will now have to vie with other sports for the program when the full session meets in september. latest on get the business news with aaron. aaron, very intriguing, i want to know what this smart phone has got that makes it so fantastically expensive. >> $10,000, that is the basic price. you think about what, and apple smart phone or a samsung smart phone? you are talking about 20 times.
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>> a bargain? >> right, thanks. it really is a question, how much would you spend on a mobile phone? if the answer is $10,000, this little baby is for you. this luxury mobile phone company is launching its latest attempt. this is really what it is going to cost you. interestingly, they were part of the nokia group until there were sold in november of last year. they use the android operating system inside with a titanium casing, a crystalline screen, and its very own personal service. i put it to the ceo -- this new phone is surely just a showpiece. >> i think that if you look at what it does more than iphone and a galaxy -- the service proposition is some of it. it comes with concierge service,
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a person talking to you and helping you when you needed. the phone also comes with encryption on the face integrated into the device. that is part of the service proposition. but it is also about the materials, the titanium, the leather stitching, the sapphire glass. >> there you go, that is what $10,000 would get you. after, how to transform your image after a string of scandals? that is the challenge for barclays. he announced that barclays will cut 3700 -- 3700 jobs, including 1800 in corporate and investment banking across the united kingdom. 1900 jobs in their european and retail business banking. they are going as well. the controversial past that help them to avoid paying taxes, that
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department has been closed. i tell you, barclays reported this number for 2012 in pre-tax profits. down substantially from the nearly $9.5 billion that the bank reported in 2011. they have promised new runs in barclays, that they will be a different beast from the bowl bank of before. anthony told us how the bank got it wrong. >> saying that the industry and barclays got some things wrong, i think that we were too aggressive and to short-term focused and on some occasions to self-serving. what we are talking about today is building a better barclays that learns from those experiences. >> there you go, big changes. back in 25 minutes or so to talk more about that change.
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>> i will be waiting for you. >> do not go anywhere. >> stay with us here on bbc news. still to come, who will succeed pope benedict the 16th? we will take you through the contenders. and >> a horse meat scandal in europe widened and deepened. the netherlands becomes the latest country to investigate whether forcemeat is being sold as beef. it was believed to originate in romania, but the government says it was properly labeled as horse meat when it was exported. hear politicians are debating the issue. >> at the laboratory they're searching for horse meat. all processed beef products from every british retailer are being
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tested to see if what is on the label is actually in the packet. testers have learned that a spaghetti bolognese pulled from shelves was in fact more than 60% horse meat. is the latest in products pertaining -- proclaiming to have beef in them contained actually course. they sold the meat through different intermediaries in france. they then supplied the processing plant in luxembourg, who use the meat in meals for 16 countries, including the u.k. the environmental secretary is to hold another meeting with retailers and suppliers later today. >> this appears to be an issue of fraud and mislabeling, but if anything suggested a need for changing, we would not hesitate to make the changes. >> it has become a european
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union wide problem. they searched two of the firms implicated within the scandal. the first part of the food chain is protecting their innocence. for now there are still more questions than answers. >> these are our top stories at this hour. wide international condemnation of north korea as they confirmed carrying out their third nuclear weapons plant. pope benedict rejects suggestions that he may have resigned because of scheming at the vatican. we stay with the pope and his surprise resignation, which surprised the catholic world.
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they assure us the papacy will only be vacant for a short time. so, what happens now? pope benedict xvi will resign if the end of the month. the process of electing the next pope starts on march 1. the vatican will go through a conclave in the sistine chapel until two-thirds of the cardinals agree on a successor. it is expected the new pope will be in place by easter. ,et's talk more about this joined by came -- joined from cambridge by professor duffy. first of all, is ethnicity going to be a factor, do you think? >> it is anybody's guess. the church is growing fast in africa and china and parts of latin america. it would be natural to look
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there for a new pope. the fact that we have had a polish pope and that a german pope clears the way for someone of any nationality. so, it is anyone's guess. myself, i would be very surprised indeed if it was an italian or western european pope, but no one knows. >> going back to history and into the history books, professor, there have been non- european popes in the past, admittedly many centuries ago. >> sure, african pope, pope from asia minor, part of europe. certainly the focus is on italy and of western europe. >> do you think that pope benedict xvi will go down as a
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great pope? >> who can say. we have to wait to see what is in the archives. i do not think he will go down as a great pope. a highly intelligent man, a controversial figure in terms of his attitude towards the immediate past of the church. his reserves on the style, but i think that probably his resignation is the thing that will stand out in the history books, it has radically altered the ground rules for the papacy. it is a tremendous liberation for his successors and it will give the cardinals more room to maneuver -- to maneuver in deciding to let the young pope. it is not clear now the you are not necessarily stop with the pope the you elect until he dies. >> thank you for the overview and a forward look.
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stay with us here on gmt. still to come, what will happen to the interpreters who put their lives on the line for british soldiers when the troops pullout of afghanistan? will they be given asylum here in the uk? >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. fidelity investments. and sony pictures classics, now presenting "amour." >> your personal economy is made up of the things that matter
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most, including your career. as those things change, fidelity can help you readjust your retirement plan, rethink how you are invested, and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are today, a fidelity ira has a wide range of investment choices that can fit your personal economy. fidelity investments, turn here. ♪ >> "amour" rated pg-13, playing in theaters. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet in los angeles.
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